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Legal obligations

Legal obligations

Legal obligations are legal agreements entered into by two or more parties, creditor and debtor, based on which the debtor undertakes to perform a service in favour of the creditor.

Legal obligations are legal agreements entered into between a creditor and a debtor, based on which the debtor undertakes to perform a service in favour of the creditor.

Legal obligations are legal agreements entered into by two or more parties, creditor and debtor, based on which the debtor undertakes to perform a service in favour of the creditor in compliance with the laws in force.

Legal obligations can be derived from contracts, from unilateral will, from an unlawful action or any action other than the ones mentioned above, though suitable to generate them.

Legal obligations can also occur – according to applicable law – in the following cases:

  • promise to the public: any individual who addresses the public and promises a service in favour of any other individual who finds himself/herself in a specific situation or carries out a determined action, is in fact bound to carry out the promise as soon as the latter is made public;
  • management of third party assets: any individual who, while not having any obligation to do it, deliberately takes on the management of third party assets, is in fact committed to continue managing it until the other individual involved relieves him of the responsibility;
  • payment of undue amount: an individual who has overpaid or paid unduly has the right to have the amount mistakenly paid returned;
  • unjust enrichment: an individual who, without any just cause, increased his/her wealth to the detriment of another person, is obligated – to the extent of the extra amount earned – to indemnify the other person by paying the corresponding sum in the latter’s favour.  This legal action is ancillary, meaning that it can only be used when no other legal option can be pursued (for instance because of a lapsed deadline).

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